Impregnable, a royal Canaanitish city in the Shephelah, or maritime plain of Palestine (Josh. 10:3, 5; 12:11). It was taken and destroyed by the Israelites (Josh. 10:31-33). It afterwards became, under Rehoboam, one of the strongest fortresses of Judah (2 Chr. 10:9). It was assaulted and probably taken by Sennacherib (2 Kings 18:14, 17; 19:8; Isa. 36:2). An account of this siege is given on some slabs found in the chambers of the palace of Koyunjik, and now in the British Museum. The inscription has been deciphered as follows:, "Sennacherib, the mighty king, king of the country of Assyria, sitting on the throne of judgment before the city of Lachish: I gave permission for its slaughter." (See Nineveh.)
   Lachish has been identified with Tell-el-Hesy, where a cuneiform tablet has been found, containing a letter supposed to be from Amenophis at Amarna in reply to one of the Amarna tablets sent by Zimrida from Lachish. This letter is from the chief of Atim (=Etam, 1 Chr. 4:32) to the chief of Lachish, in which the writer expresses great alarm at the approach of marauders from the Hebron hills. "They have entered the land," he says, "to lay waste...strong is he who has come down. He lays waste." This letter shows that "the communication by tablets in cuneiform script was not only usual in writing to Egypt, but in the internal correspondence of the country. The letter, though not so important in some ways as the Moabite stone and the Siloam text, is one of the most valuable discoveries ever made in Palestine" (Conder's Tell Amarna Tablets, p. 134).
   Excavations at Lachish are still going on, and among other discoveries is that of an iron blast-furnace, with slag and ashes, which is supposed to have existed B.C. 1500. If the theories of experts are correct, the use of the hot-air blast instead of cold air (an improvement in iron manufacture patented by Neilson in 1828) was known fifteen hundred years before Christ. (See Furnace.)

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • Lachish — ( he. לכיש) was a town located in the Shephelah, or maritime plain of Philistia (Joshua 10:3, 5; 12:11). This town was first mentioned in the Amarna letters as Lakisha Lakiša (EA 287, 288, 328, 329, 335). The Israelites captured and destroyed… …   Wikipedia

  • Lachish — Lakish 31° 33′ 54″ N 34° 50′ 58″ E / 31.565, 34.849444 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lachish — A large city 48 km. (30 miles) SW of Jerusalem, much fought over, which has yielded important discoveries to archaeologists. It was captured by Joshua (Josh. 10:31 f.), rebuilt by Rehoboam according to the Chronicler (2 Chron. 11:5 ff.), captured …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Lachish —    An ancient Palestinian city captured by both the Assyrians and the Babylonians. By the early first millennium b.c. Lachish (modern Tell el Duweir) was the second most important town in the kingdom of Israel. As such it became a target of the… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • LACHISH OSTRACA — LACHISH OSTRACA, a collection of inscribed sherds discovered at lachish by J.L. Starkey . Eighteen were discovered in 1935 in a room adjacent to the city gate, among the ruins of stratum II, which was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia, and …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LACHISH REGION — LACHISH REGION, development region in southern Israel, comprising an area of approximately 275 sq. mi. (750 sq. km.). Stretching from the Mediterranean Coast between Niẓẓanim and the Gaza Strip eastward to the pre 1967 armistice line, the region… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lachish — geographical name city of ancient Palestine W of Hebron …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Lachish — /lay kish/, n. a Canaanite city captured by Joshua: now an archaeological site in Israel. * * * …   Universalium

  • Lachish — /lay kish/, n. a Canaanite city captured by Joshua: now an archaeological site in Israel …   Useful english dictionary

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